Global Pollution Control Bills Imposed Across the World
From the past few years, protecting the global environment has emerged as one of the significant challenges in international relations. Such challenges don’t only exist in one or two countries; rather it covers several places across the globe. As a result, international legal systems come into play to combat environmental challenges particularly for pollution that hinders economic development and degrades the environment upon which our very livelihoods depend.
Environmental pollution laws and policies are signature filled superheroes with a crucial and ambitious mission. Since the 20th century, numerous treaties and laws were crafted by the government worldwide to set forth a blueprint for developing sustainable development. We have come up with the complete guide that will let you know about all major global pollution control billsand make you understand why they matter to us.
A robust scientific underpinning is vital for the success of controlling air pollution. The first law pollution control bill was imposed under the convection that strictly focused on technologies to minimize emissions and bought an effective oriented approach to follow reduction targets.
According to the UN Environment Programme, there are over 61 signed treaties and pollution control bills for reducing pollution worldwide. Some of the most prominent ones are as follows:
1. Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) of 2001
It is an international environment treaty signed in 2001. The act was adopted in May 2001 in Sweden and Stockholm. Now more than 150 countries have ratified the laws up to date. This pollution control act aims to eliminate the usage and production of persistent organic pollutants that later affects the quality of air and the overall environment.
2. Pollution Prevention Act of 1990
In 1990, Congress proposed the Pollution Prevention Act as a worldwide objective. The act was imposed to focus the attention of government, industry and public in order to minimize the amount of pollution through cost-effective changes in operation, production and usage of raw materials.
The US annually produces tons of pollution and spends billions of dollars to control the pollution per year. Moreover, the act gave significant opportunities for the industries to control pollution at the source through cost-effective changes in operation, usage of raw materials, etc.
3. Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution
The Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution is intended to protect the Earth against air pollution and gradually minimize the effect of greenhouse gases across all nations. It was implemented by the European Monitoring and Evaluation Program (EMEP) that was further directed by (UNECE). The act was signed in 1979 and came into action in 1989. Since 1979, it has addressed some of the key environmental problems and extended by eight protocols that examine specific control to lower their emissions of air pollutants.
4. The Norwegian Pollution Control Act
The Norwegian Pollution Control Act of 1981 Concerning Protection Against and Concerning Waste was implemented to protect the outdoor environment against pollution. The act makes sure that the quality of the environment is satisfactory and, the waste and pollution do not place any adverse impact on human health and the welfare of the natural environment.
5. The Kyoto Protocol
The Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty that expands the 1992 UNFCCC and commits international programs to minimize greenhouse gas emissions. It was first adopted in Japan in 1997 and entered into force in 2005. With the reduction in the onset of global warming, the quality of the atmosphere will significantly increase and would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.
Almost all the countries are unwilling to comply with their international pollution control act to combat pollution. In countries like the US, the goal of enhancing and protecting air quality to promote public welfare and human health has been consistently set forward at the end of the 20th century. As the ecological impact of air pollution in the US has become significantly evident through more sophisticated scientific approaches, the country has protected air quality via such ambitious acts.
Air pollutants know no borders, which is why global pollution control bills are considered to be indispensable. The ratification of laws promotes integrated approaches to reduce the impacts of air pollution in a more effective way than with any other unilateral action.